Guava, Psidium guajava, is a tropical fruit rich in high-profile nutrients. With its unique flavor, taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit and leaves easily fit into the category of new functional super fruits.
It is an evergreen, originated in the central Americas, different cultivar types of guava grown all over the world which may vary widely in flavor, pulp color, and seed composition. The fruit is soft when ripe with a sweet musky aroma and creamy texture. Internally, its flesh varies in color depending upon the cultivar and may be white, pink, yellow, or red, containing numerous tiny, semi-hard edible seeds, concentrated especially at its center.
Did you know that the leaf of the Guava plant contains even more nutrients than the fruit?
Health benefits of Guava Fruit and Guava Leaf:
The Guava fruit is a very rich source of soluble dietary fiber (5.4 g per 100 g of fruit, about 14% of recommended dietary allowance [RDA]), which helps support the colon function.
An excellent source of antioxidant vitamin C. 100 g fresh fruit provides 228 mg of this vitamin, more than three times the required dietary reference intakes (DRI).
It is essential for collagen synthesis within the body. Collagen is one of the chief structural proteins in the human body necessary for maintaining the integrity of blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones.
The fruit is a very good source of Vitamin-A, and flavonoids like beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, and cryptoxanthin. The compounds are known to have properties essential for optimum health. Further, is also critical to maintaining healthy mucosa and skin.
Fresh fruit is a very rich source of potassium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps maintain heart rate and blood pressure function.
Furthermore, the fruit is also a moderate source of B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin E and K, as well as minerals like magnesium, copper, and manganese.